Faculty of Biology, University of Latvia
EEB
Hard copy: ISSN 1691–8088
On-line: ISSN 2255–9582
Acta Univ Latv (2004) 676: 219–222
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Environmental and
Experimental
Biology

Acta Univ Latv (2004) 676: 219–222

Orginal Article

The effect of photoperiod and growth regulators on organogenesis in thin-layer tissues

Ingrida Šauliene*1, Danguole Rakleviçiene2
1Department of Environmental Research, Šiauliai University, Vilniaus 88, Šiauliai LT-76285, Lithuania
2Sector of Gravitational Physiology, Institute of Botany, Žaliųjų Ežerų 49, Vilnius LT-08406, Lithuania
*Corresponding author, E-mail: ishauliene@yahoo.com

Abstract

Thin layer tissue cultures are good model in studies of direct induction of various developmental programmes, particularly in floral determination. Despite an increasing number of related investigations, the factors that regulate flower formation in vitro are not yet clear. To evaluate the role of growth regulators in flower and stem meristem genesis, we determined the ratio of regenerating vegetative shoots and flowers as well as the dependence of the growth of regenerated organs on cultivation conditions. Genesis of vegetative organs ocurred after two to three days of cultivation in media with growth regulators. Flower buds appeared after three to four days of cultivation. The number of vegetative shoots continued to increase with the extension of growth regulator exposure from two to six days. However, the number of flowers did not change. The elimination of the stimulus after the initiation of the process showed an increase in the number of organs.

Key words: organogenesis, growth regulators, photoperiod, tobacco, thin-layer tissues.

 
Acta Univ Latv (2004) 676: 219–222
 DOI: http://doi.org/10.22364/eeb
EEB

Editor-in-Chief
Prof. Gederts Ievinsh



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University of Latvia

 
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