Faculty of Biology, University of Latvia
EEB
Hard copy: ISSN 1691–8088
On-line: ISSN 2255–9582
Acta Univ Latv (2005) 691: 31–40
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Environmental and
Experimental
Biology

Acta Univ Latv (2005) 691: 31–40

Orginal Article

Effect of environmental factors on the propagation of deciduous azalea by cuttings. I. Influence of stock plant management on rooting and carbohydrate status

Inga Apine*, Uldis Kondratovičs
Department of Plant Physiology, Faculty of Biology, University of Latvia, Kronvalda Bulv. 4, Rīga LV-1586, Latvia
*Corresponding author, E-mail: inga.apine@lu.lv

Abstract

The aim of this study was to estimate the effect of stock-plant forcing in a greenhouse during spring as a management technique for stock plants on rooting and on changes of carbohydrate contents of cuttings from deciduous azalea cultivar ‘Polārzvaigzne’ during the rooting period. Forcing of the stock plants enabled to start propagation of deciduous azalea by cuttings one month earlier. Conditions in the greenhouse promoted accumulation of carbohydrates in the shoots of forced stock plants compared to control plants. However, the stock-plant forcing affected neither the number of rooted cuttings nor the duration of time necessary for maximum rooting. The patterns of carbohydrate changes were similar in forced and control cuttings. The amount of reducing sugars, total soluble sugars, and starch increased significantly in the cuttings after severing, while the level of sucrose generally fluctuated over time. After root emergence the content of reducing sugars, sucrose, and starch decreased initially in the stem base and later in the leaves of cuttings. The content of starch was better related to the rooting process than the content of total soluble sugars.

Key words: adventitious root formation, Rhododendron, soluble sugars, starch, stock plant forcing, vegetative propagation.

 
Acta Univ Latv (2005) 691: 31–40
 DOI: http://doi.org/10.22364/eeb
EEB

Editor-in-Chief
Prof. Gederts Ievinsh



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University of Latvia

 
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