Faculty of Biology, University of Latvia
Hard copy: ISSN 1691–8088
On-line: ISSN 2255–9582
Acta Univ Latv (2008) 745: 25–35
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Environmental and

Acta Univ Latv (2008) 745: 25–35

Orginal Article

Medium pH affects regeneration capacity and oxidative enzyme activity of Pinus sylvestris in tissue culture

Una Andersone*, Gederts Ievinsh
Department of Plant Physiology, Faculty of Biology, University of Latvia, Kronvalda Bulv. 4, Rīga LV-1586, Latvia
*Corresponding author, E-mail: una.andersone@inbox.lv


Medium pH that is one of the important factors of the physico-chemical environment during development of plant tissues in conditions of in vitro culture which is modified during preparation of media, but also changes with developing explants. The present experiments were performed to monitor the changes of medium pH and to determine the effect of medium pH on physiological characteristics of mature Pinus sylvestris L. tissue cultivated in vitro. The final changes of medium pH after addition of agar and autoclaving were towards alkalinity in the range of initial pH 3.0 to 5.5. Results of the experiments proved that in general cultivation of pine buds causes acidification of the medium. The degree of acidification of medium during cultivation depends on initial pH of medium, morphogenesis of explants and duration of cultivation period without transplantation. Lowered activity of oxidative enzymes in buds cultivated on more acidic medium and less necessity for acidification to reach the equilibrium in medium pH suggest that a low initial pH is more suitable for successful pine bud morphogenesis.

Key words: medium pH, morphogenesis, peroxidase, Pinus sylvestris, polyphenol oxidase, Scots pine, tissue culture.

Acta Univ Latv (2008) 745: 25–35
 DOI: http://doi.org/10.22364/eeb

Prof. Gederts Ievinsh
Published by
University of Latvia

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