Faculty of Biology, University of Latvia
EEB
Hard copy: ISSN 1691–8088
On-line: ISSN 2255–9582
Acta Univ Latv (2009) 753: 43–48
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Environmental and
Experimental
Biology

Acta Univ Latv (2009) 753: 43–48

Orginal Article

In vitro behaviour of nodal explants of Portulaca grandiflora under the influence of cytokinins

Archana Srivastava*, Aruna G. Joshi
Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Vadodara, Gujarat, India
*Corresponding author, E-mail: archana2406@gmail.com

Abstract

A method for the micropropagation of Portulaca grandiflora Hook is described to understand the in vitro behaviour of nodal explants in cytokinin-rich medium. Aseptic nodal explants were cultivated on Murashige and Skoog’s medium containing different concentrations and combinations of 6-benzylaminopurine (BAP) and 6-furfurylaminopurine (kinetin, KIN). The nodal explants of mature plant can be stimulated to undergo multiple shoot formation on the medium supplemented with BAP and KIN. Direct organogenesis without callus formation from the nodal explants was observed on medium supplemented with cytokinins. Using BAP (2 to 10 μM) alone had a significant effect on the formation of multiple shoots, which were stout and robust. Similar concentrations of KIN (2 to 10 μM) showed a weaker response. It was observed that when the optimum concentration of KIN (8 μM) was supplemented with low concentration of BAP (2 μM or 4 μM) there was a synergistic effect on the explant in terms of shoot regeneration. Single shoots were rooted on a half strength medium with 2 μM indole-3-butyric acid.

Key words: cytokinin, multiple shoots, nodal explants, Portulaca grandiflora, synergistic effect.

 
Acta Univ Latv (2009) 753: 43–48
 DOI: http://doi.org/10.22364/eeb
EEB

Editor-in-Chief
Prof. Gederts Ievinsh



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University of Latvia

 
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