Faculty of Biology, University of Latvia
Hard copy: ISSN 1691–8088
On-line: ISSN 2255–9582
Environ Exp Biol (2016) 14: 27–32
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Environmental and

Environ Exp Biol (2016) 14: 27–32

Orginal Articles

Effect of NaCl and iron oxide nanoparticles on Mentha piperita essential oil composition

Meheri Askary, Seyed Mehdi Talebi*, Fariba Amini, Ali Dousti Balout Bangan
Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Arak University, Arak, Iran
* Corresponding author, E-mail: seyedmehdi_talebi@yahoo.com


Mentha piperita is a medicinal plant of the Labiatae family. this species produces valuable essential oil. In this study, the effect of eleven treatments of salinity and nanoparticles of iron oxide on the essential oil composition in M. piperita was investigated. Mature plants were collected at 90 days after planting. Essential oils were extracted from plant aerial parts using Clevenger-type apparatus, and the obtained oils were analyzed using gas chromatography and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. The obtained results showed that the essential oil concentration differed between treatments. Application of iron nanoparticle increased essential oil amount, while salinity stress lovered its production. Menthone, menthol, 1,8-cineol, pulegone, menthofuran, cis-sabinene hydrate and germacrene D were the major essential oil compounds of control plants. The types and relative proportion of major components differed between studied treatments. Salt as well as iron nanoparticle stress had strong effects on essential oil production and composition.

Key words: essential oil, salinity, iron nanoparticles, Mentha piperita.

Environ Exp Biol (2016) 14: 27–32
 DOI: http://doi.org/10.22364/eeb.14.05

Prof. Gederts Ievinsh
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