Faculty of Biology, University of Latvia
EEB
Hard copy: ISSN 1691–8088
On-line: ISSN 2255–9582
Environ Exp Biol (2019) 17: 15–19
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Environmental and
Experimental
Biology

Environ Exp Biol (2019) 17: 15–19

Orginal Paper

Peroxidase, polyphenol oxidase activity and total phenolic concentration in birch (Betula pendula) in vitro shoots during rejuvenation

Elva Girgžde, Ineta Samsone*, Arnis Gailis
Latvian State Forest Research Institute “Silava”, Rīgas 111, Salaspils LV–2169, Latvia
* Corresponding author, E-mail: ineta.samsone@silava.lv

Abstract

Tissue recalcitrance remains a major problem limiting woody plant propagation using in vitro biotechnology methods. Increased generation of reactive oxygen species and high phenol concentration in woody tissues are considered as the main reasons for tissue recalcitrance in tissue culture. In this study, oxidative enzyme activity and total phenolic concentration were analyzed in vitro in both rejuvenated and mature shoots of birch. The effect of two factors – subculture time and medium sucrose concentration – on peroxidase and polyphenol oxidase activity, and total phenolic concentration in rejuvenated shoots were determined as possible rejuvenation-affecting factors. The results showed that mature shoots had increased peroxidase and polyphenol oxidase activity in shoot apices and stems but higher phenolic concentration in leaves as compared to rejuvenated shoots. Prolonged subculture time had significant effect on peroxidase activity and polyphenol oxidase activity in shoot apices, and thus this factor did not affect maturation. However, high sucrose concentration significantly increased total phenolic concentration in leaves and polyphenol oxidase activity in all plant parts, thus enhancing shoot maturation and recalcitrance in vitro.

Key words: Betula pendula, phenolics, peroxidase, polyphenol oxidase, rejuvenation, sucrose.

 
Environ Exp Biol (2019) 17: 15–19
 DOI: http://doi.org/10.22364/eeb.17.04
EEB

Editor-in-Chief
Prof. Gederts Ievinsh
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University of Latvia

 
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