Faculty of Biology, University of Latvia
EEB
Hard copy: ISSN 1691–8088
On-line: ISSN 2255–9582
Environ Exp Biol (2021) 19: 73–79
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Environmental and
Experimental
Biology

Environ Exp Biol (2021) 19: 73–79

Orginal Paper

Lipoxygenase activity and antioxidant capacity in pepper (Capsicum annum) exposed to high concentration of copper sulphate

Esra Koç*, Belgizar Karayiğit
Ankara University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biology, Ankara, Turkey
* Corresponding author, E-mail: ekoc@science.ankara.edu.tr, esrakoc.es@gmail.com

Abstract

Excess Cu causes negative effects on plant growth and development by affecting important physiological processes in plants. In this study, the effect of high concentration of copper sulphate (CuSO4) on lipoxygenase (LOX) activity, lipid peroxidation and antioxidant activity in pepper was investigated. The highest amount of LOX activity increase and lipid peroxidation in pepper seedlings’ leaves exposed to CuSO4 was detected 24 h following the application. An early antioxidant response to CuSO4 application occurred, and the highest 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity was detected 3 h after the application and the highest reducing power after 12 h. The increase in malondialdehyde of leaf samples taken 1.5 h and 3 h after the application, along with the increase in LOX activity, reducing power and DPPH scavenging activity (%), showed that CuSO4 stimulates the defence system in a short time. The increased lipid peroxidation, despite generally decreased DPPH fragmentation activity and reducing power in samples taken after 6 h showed that 0.5 M CuSO4 caused high oxidative stress. This result revealed that high CuSO4 concentrations may also disturb the non-enzymatic antioxidant capacity.

Key words: antioxidant activity, Capsicum annuum, Cu, lipid hydroperoxide, lipid peroxidation, lipoxygenase.

 
Environ Exp Biol (2021) 19: 73–79
 DOI: http://doi.org/10.22364/eeb.19.07
EEB

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Prof. Gederts Ievinsh
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University of Latvia

 
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