Faculty of Biology, University of Latvia
Hard copy: ISSN 1691–8088
On-line: ISSN 2255–9582
Environ Exp Biol (2021) 19: 161–171
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Environmental and

Environ Exp Biol (2021) 19: 161–171

Orginal Paper

Influence of hosts on the production of bioactive compounds in the hemiparasitic plant Helicanthes elasticus

T.G. Ajithkumar1*, Sinjumol Thomas2, Lizzy Mathew3
1 Government Arts and Science College for Women, Malappuram, Kerala, India
2 Department of Botany, Carmel College, Mala, Thrissur, Kerala, India
3 Department of Botany, St.Teresa’s College (Autonomous), Ernakulam, Kerala, India
* Corresponding author, E-mail: ajithgopalakrishnan81@gmail.com


Helicanthes elasticus growing on six different hosts produced different gas chromatograph profiles indicating the influence of host on the metabolite production of parasite. 1,2,3‑benzenetriol (pyrogallol) and methyl‑3,4,5‑trihydroxybenzoate (methyl gallate), which were identified in all of the accessions were considered as gas chromatograph marker compounds of the methanolic extract of the parasite. Some assisted marked compounds obtained from this hemi-parasitic plant and their presence were found to differ among the hosts. Occurrence of various other active ingredients particular to the parasite collected from different hosts were also detected. UPGMA cluster analysis based on the 13 different compounds clearly showed the influence of host on the phytochemical production. Parasite-host interaction leads to phytochemical mosaicism in the selected hemiparasitic plant and such a phenomenon is highly significant for their utilization in various fields of the pharmaceutical industries.

Key words: Helicanthes elasticus, hemiparasite, GC-MS, 1,2,3‑benzenetriol, methyl‑3,4,5‑trihydroxybenzoate.

Environ Exp Biol (2021) 19: 161–171
 DOI: http://doi.org/10.22364/eeb.19.16

Prof. Gederts Ievinsh
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University of Latvia

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