Faculty of Biology, University of Latvia
EEB
Hard copy: ISSN 1691–8088
On-line: ISSN 2255–9582
Environ Exp Biol (2021) 19: 255–263
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Environmental and
Experimental
Biology

Environ Exp Biol (2021) 19: 255–263

Orginal Paper

Exploring antagonistic actinobacteria from a mangrove ecosystem of the southern coast of India against multidrug-resistant pathogens

Sam Albert Joshua1, Nallathambi Sangeetha1, Appadurai Muthamil Iniyan1,2, Samuel Gnana Prakash Vincent1*
1 International Centre for Nanobiotechnology (ICN), Centre for Marine Science and Technology (CMST), Manonmaniam Sundaranar University, Rajakkamangalam-629502, Kanyakumari District, Tamil Nadu, India
2 York Bioscience Private Limited, Ambattur Industrial Estate, Chennai, Tamil Nadu – 600 058, India
* Corresponding author, E-mail: prakash.vincent@msuniv.ac.in

Abstract

There is an urgent need to find new ways to fight multidrug-resistant pathogens, and search for novel microbial metabolites is one of the common strategies. The aim of the current study was to screen actinomycete isolates from a marine-associated ecosystem, for active compounds against multidrug-resistant human pathogens. A total of 14 morphologically distinct isolates from coastal mangrove soil were screened against seven pathogens and were found to be active against at least two pathogens. The antagonistic metabolite production studies revealed that the initial antibacterial activity of isolates against methicillin-sensitive and resistant strains of Staphylococcus aureus was observed on the first day of visible growth. Two strains, ICN937 and ICN938, were active against Acinetobacter baumannii, and were selected for further molecular identification and quantitative antibacterial analysis. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA showed association of ICN937 to Streptomyces antibioticus NBRC 12838T and of ICN938 to Streptomyces rubiginosohelvolus CSSP731T. This study provides an evidence that mangrove ecosystems in coastal areas could be used as a source for active microbial metabolite producers.

Key words: Acinetobacter baumannii, mangrove ecosystem, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, multidrug-resistant pathogens, Streptomyces spp.

 
Environ Exp Biol (2021) 19: 255–263
 DOI: http://doi.org/10.22364/eeb.19.24
EEB

Editor-in-Chief
Prof. Gederts Ievinsh
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University of Latvia

 
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