Faculty of Biology, University of Latvia
EEB
Hard copy: ISSN 1691–8088
On-line: ISSN 2255–9582
Environ Exp Biol (2021) 19: 121–130
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Environmental and
Experimental
Biology

Environ Exp Biol (2021) 19: 121–130

Reviews

Bacterial biofilms: formation, advantages for community members, clinical implications, and antibiotic resistance

Samia Aliane1*, Amina Meliani2
1 Geo-environment and space development laboratory (LGEDE), University of Mustapha Stambouli, Mascara, Algeria
2 Faculty of Nature and Life Sciences, University of Mustapha Stambouli, Mascara, Algeria
* Corresponding author, E-mail: samia.aliane@univ-mascara.dz

Abstract

Microbial biofilms offer several advantages to cells forming the biofilm community, such metabolic cooperation, genetic diversity, protection against environmental hostilities and a high resistance and tolerance potential. In addition, biofilm-forming bacteria present the most important cause of infection in human. Biofilm-assciociated infections are characterized by the development of biofilm in human tissues or medical devices, which makes these infections more difficult to cure and helps bacteria to acquire new pathogenesic features such as antibiotic resistance. Antibiotic resistance is considered as the most important threat for global health, which affects the treatment outcomes, costs, disease extention, and illness duration. In this review, we discuss an overview of biofilm formation, and advantages ensured to microbial cells. Furthermore, clinical implications of biofilms and antibiotic resistance profiles acquired are also highlighted.

Key words: antibiotic resistance, biofilm-forming bacteria, infections.

 
Environ Exp Biol (2021) 19: 121–130
 DOI: http://doi.org/10.22364/eeb.19.12
EEB

Editor-in-Chief
Prof. Gederts Ievinsh
Published by
University of Latvia

 
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