Faculty of Biology, University of Latvia
EEB
Hard copy: ISSN 1691–8088
On-line: ISSN 2255–9582
Environ Exp Biol (2021) 19: 23–31
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Environmental and
Experimental
Biology

Environ Exp Biol (2021) 19: 23–31

Orginal Paper

Effect of mycorrhization and water stress on morphological parameters, concentration of phenolic compounds and antioxidant capacity of methanolic extract of Lupinus albus

Siham Abaid1, Salah Eddine Bachir Bouiadjra1, Fawzia Toumi-Benali1, Fatima Dahlia2*, Rachida Bouteldja3, Hebib Aggad3
1 Laboratory of Eco-development of Spaces, Department of Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Natural and Life Sciences, University of Djilali Liabes, Sidi Bel Abbes, Algeria
2 Laboratory of Plant Physiology Applied to Soilless Crops, Department of Natural and Life Sciences, Faculty of Natural and Life Sciences, University of Ibn Khaldoun Tiaret, Algeria
3 Laboratory of Animal Hygiene and Pathology, Institute of Veterinary Sciences, University of Ibn Khaldoun, Tiaret, Algeria
* Corresponding author, E-mail: fdahlia84@gmail.com

Abstract

Secondary metabolites and mycorrhizal symbiosis play important roles in the adaptation of plants to environmental conditions, but mycorrhizal symbiosis favours also accumulation of secondary metabolites. Our objective was to study effect of interaction between mycorrhization and water deficiency on morphological parameters, phenolic compound concentration in Lupinus albus and to perform an evaluation of the antioxidant potential of methanolic extract of this plant. Plants of L. albus were subjected to three levels of water defficiency (80, 50 and 30% of field capacity). Half of the plants in each treatment were inoculated with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Total concentrations of polyphenols, flavonoids, and condensed tannins were measured, and antioxidant potential of methanolic extracts from leaves and roots of white lupin plants was evaluated. In general, mycorrhizal plants of L. albus had better growth indices in all watering regimes in comparison to non-mycorrhizal plants. The concentrations of phenolic compounds were maximal in the leaf extracts from L. albus plants inoculated with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi grown under 30% of field capacity water regime, and in root extract of non-inoculated plants grown under 30% of field capacity. Methanolic extracts of all plants showed good antioxidant activity, with higher values in mycorrhizal drought-stressed plants.

Key words: antioxidants, Lupinus albus, morphological parameters, mycorrhization, secondary metabolites, water stress.

 
Environ Exp Biol (2021) 19: 23–31
 DOI: http://doi.org/10.22364/eeb.19.04
EEB

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Prof. Gederts Ievinsh
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University of Latvia

 
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