Faculty of Biology, University of Latvia
EEB
Hard copy: ISSN 1691–8088
On-line: ISSN 2255–9582
Environ Exp Biol (2022) 20: 155–164
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Environmental and
Experimental
Biology

Environ Exp Biol (2022) 20: 155–164

Orginal Paper

Microbial biosurfactants: prospects of sustainable molecules with promising applications in bioremediation

Samir Berkat1*, Amina Meliani2, Hibat Errahmèn Mazari1, Samia Aliane1
1 Laboratoire de recherche en Géo-Environnement et Développement des Espaces (LGEDE), University of Mascara, BP 763, 29000 Mascara, Algeria
2 Department of Biology, University of Mustapha Stambouli, Mascara, Algeria
* Corresponding author, E-mail: samir.berkat@univ-mascara.dz

Abstract

The dispersal of various chemical pollutants in our environment requires the development of effective approaches that would lead to the bioremediation of contaminated areas. The biological methods such as the application of microbial biosurfactants represent one of the suitable solutions that has gained large attention due to their structural diversity, molecular sizes, and multifunctional characteristics. Thus, they are likely to be applied in the field of bioremediation, where they can lower the surface and interfacial tensions at different interfaces leading to removal of pollutants or improve their biodegradation and bioavailability. The presented review highlights the recent advances and knowledge on the important aspects of microbial biosurfactant applications in bioremediation.

Key words: bioremediation, biosurfactants; chemical pollutants, microbial products.

 
Environ Exp Biol (2022) 20: 155–164
 DOI: http://doi.org/10.22364/eeb.20.14
EEB

Editor-in-Chief
Prof. Gederts Ievinsh
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University of Latvia

 
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